Simien Mountains was one of the first four sites to be inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1978. Massive erosion of the Ethiopian plateau has created one of the most spectacular landscapes in the world: jagged mountain peaks, deep valleys and precipices sheer for 1,500 meters. The Park is the refuge of the extremely rare Ethiopian wolf, gelada baboon and Walia ibex, a goat unique to Ethiopia.
Dubbed as the "Roof of Africa," Ethiopia has the highest elevated portion of landmass on the continent and the Semien Mountains National Park is part of this landmass. The region includes many summits above 4,000 mts and culminates in the highest point in Ethiopia and fourth highest peak in Africa, Mount Ras Dashen (4,620 mts). It is an ideal place for nature lovers and trekkers.
It is common to see troop of Gelada baboons in the Semien Mountains. Found only in Ethiopia, their 'sacred heart' a patch of bare skin on the chest distinguishes them from any other species of baboon.
Semien wolf, endemic to Ethiopia, also known as the Semien jackal or Abyssinian wolf, is found in greater numbers, at an altitude between 3,000 and 4,500 meters high.
Semien Mountain National Park is the home of the agile Walia Ibex, the symbol of the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Organization. Rivaled only by the klipspringer, the Ibex was thought to be heading for extinction, but it appears to be surviving with the protection it is now given.