The city of Harar, one of the oldest cities in the country, was once a major trading crossroad and a center of Islamic learning .This early 16th century eastern Ethiopian city is famous for its ancient Arabic structures, great city walls, and the French poet Rimbaud's house. Harar is an Islamic centre with at least 99 mosques is considered to be the fourth holiest Islamic city, after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.
If the evening finds you in Harar, you may witness a most bizarre spectacle courtesy of the so-called Hyena Men. With wild howls, these fearless men summon hyenas from the hills. They then get the ruthless scavengers to snatch pieces of meat from their hands or even their mouths!
The whole setting of medieval walls tightly embracing the ancient city, its rich and colorful marketplace, towering and majestic mountains and refreshingly cool climate, infuses Harar with an air of excitement, making it a memorable place to visit.
Dire Dawa is a commercial and industrial center found in Eastern Ethiopia. It was founded in 1902 when the railroad from Djibouti reached the area .The city is located on the Addis Ababa–Djibouti railroad, its growth has resulted largely from trade brought by the railroad.